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有关新概念英语三册重点句型

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发表于 2019-7-4 16:49:40 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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  下面为大家带来新概念英语第三册重点句型解析一文,希望对大家的新概念英语学习有所帮助。更多知识点也可关注下北京新东方的新概念三册课程。
  1 更多推荐:新概念英语第三册重点句型解析(汇总)
  1、Where must the puma have come from?
  Pumas are large, cat-like animals which are found in America.
  在英文的表达方式中,首先呈现给读者的是结果(和中文不同) 英文擅长用长句,中文擅长用短句。
  -- Pandas are large cat-like animals which are found in Asia. (panda n.熊猫)
  cat-like 猫一样的, 偷偷摸摸的 / dog-like 狗一样的 / life-like 栩栩如生的
  2、When reports came into London Zoo that a wild puma had been spotted forty-five miles south of London, they were not taken seriously.
  一般来讲定语从句和同位语从句紧随在被修饰名词的后面,但为了保持句子平衡,也可以把 谓语动词放到从句之前
  1> 定语从句只是对于被修饰词的补充说明、修饰
  -- 定语从句的引导词:
  -- 指人:主语 who;宾语 who, whom;定语 whose
  -- 指物:that(也可以指人)/ which
  -- 时间状语:when / 地点状语:where / 原因状语:why
  2> 同位语从句则是讲述被修饰名词的内容
  -- 同位语从句的引导词:
  -- 名词(做主语、宾语等):关系词用 that 而不是 which
  -- 时间:when; 地点:where
  -- 定语从句中没有 what 这个关系词,但 what 可以引导同位语从句
  -- An idea came to her that she might do the experiment in another way.
  -- I have no idea what has happened to him。
  3、they were not taken seriously(they指代reports)
  take sth seriously = deal with sth seriously 认真地对待某事
  -- I always take your suggestions seriously.
  take sth lightly 草率地对待某事 (lightly adv.轻率地)
  -- Don’t take the hot potato lightly (hot potato n.棘手的问题)
  4、However, as the evidence began to accumulate, experts from the Zoo felt obliged to investigate, for the descriptions given by people who claimed to have seen the puma were extraordinarily similar.
  However adv.然而(起转折作用)
  As 连词:随着, 当...之时
  过去分词做定语:
  -- the descriptions given by people
  -- the story told by the sailor (n.海员, 水手, 船员)
  -- a book written by Luxun
  claim to have done sth 声称曾经做过某事
  -- He claimed to have been the manager of the large shop.
  5、The hunt for the puma began in a small village where a woman picking blackberries saw 'a large cat' only five yards away from her.
  Where a woman picking… 定语从句
  -- I still remember the school where I studied English.
  6、It immediately ran away when she saw it, and experts confirmed that a puma will not attack a human being unless it is cornered.
  Confirm = be sure = be certain (confirm vt.确定)
  Unless it is cornered = if it is not cornered (unless conj.如果不, 除非)
  -- He will accept the job unless the salary is too low.
  7、The search proved difficult, for the puma was often observed at one place in the morning and at another place twenty miles away in the evening.
  search = hunt
  Wherever it went, it left behind it a trail of dead deer and small animals like rabbits. 把某物留在后面:leave behind
  -- Wherever he went, the wound left behind him a trail of blood.(n.血)
  8、Paw prints were seen in a number of places and puma fur was found clinging to bushes. 英文表达方式习惯用被动语态, 突出客观事实。而中文则善于运用动作的执行者。
  puma fur was found clinging to bushes. (被动)
  We found the puma fur clinging to bushes. (主动)
  -- clinging to bushes 是现在分词短语做宾补
  9、Several people complained of “cat-like noises' at night and a businessman on a fishing trip saw the puma up a tree.
  complain of/about sth 抱怨某事
  on+名词:强调动作正在进行
  -- on the rise 在上升 / on the increase 在增加
  -- on the watch 在观看 / on the match 在比赛中
  -- on the fishing trip 在钓鱼的途中 / on holiday 在度假
  10、The experts were now fully convinced that the animal was a puma, but where had it come from?
  Fully(adv.充分地, 完全地)= completely = entirely
  11、As no pumas had been reported missing from any zoo in the country, this one must have been in the possession of a private collector and somehow managed to escape.
  sth be in the possession of sb = sth be in sb's possession 某物归某人所有(主语是物)
  -- The beautiful car is in my possession.= The beautiful car is in the possession of me. Sb be in possession of sth 某人拥有某物(主语是人)
  -- I am in possession of the beautiful car.(in possession of… 做表语)
  -- The person in possession of the big house is excited. (in possession of… 做定语) take possession of… 拥有…
  12、The hunt went on for several weeks, but the puma was not caught.
  Went on = lasted (last vi.继续, 持续)
  It is disturbing to think that a dangerous wild animal is still at large in the quiet countryside.
  It is disturbing to think that... 一想到…就心理不安
  -- It is disturbing to think that I fail my examination
  in the quiet countryside 在宁静的山村

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